Ras Abu Galum is protectorate on the coast of Sinai. It protects various coastal and mountain ecosystems that are unique to the Gulf of Aqaba. The coral reef is mostly undisturbed with a high diversity of reef fish, whose richness of its flora and fauna is overwelming  Abu Galum is one of the most beautiful protectorates in Egypt. Its high mountains, canyons, fresh water springs, its picturousque sand dunes and coral reefs, it hosts about 165 plant species. About 45 of these species can only be seen in Abu Galum and are unique to this area.